Bankruptcy

Are you worried that the law firm you choose to file your bankruptcy will put their lowest paid and lowest experienced staff on their case?  Or your case will be shuffled around a myriad of employees, and you’ll never be just assigned to one person?  Or if you are lucky and you get one person, that person may have only graduated six months ago?  Or just started with the firm last month?  These are common problems unfortunately.

The team you choose is really important.  You’ll be working with this team for a few months, and perhaps even a few years.  They need to be supportive, responsive to your needs, compassionate, intelligent, have strong working relationships with other legal counsel and the Courts for the best results.  This is a good baseline.  It also helps if that team is capable of thinking outside the box to find a solution, and in many cases, can help with student loans as well.  Many firms cannot do that.

Why Hire Us?

We’re so glad you asked!  With new attorneys entering in bankruptcy practice every day, there are more choices than ever.  Being confident in your choice is as important to us, as it is to you.  So, what makes Arkovich Law the right choice for bankruptcy? Our team is proud of its answer –

  • We Listen to You
  • We Respond to You
  • We Care About You
  • We are Specialized to Advocate, Strategize and Solve Problems, and
  • We Get the Job Done for You!

Attorney, Barbara Leon, has been a licensed attorney in Florida for almost 20 years, since graduation from Stetson College of Law in 2002 with honors. In addition to being an editor on Stetson’s Law Review, she gained practical experience through an internship with the United States’ Attorney’s office and a clerkship with a Federal Magistrate Judge. Thereafter, she worked in consumer bankruptcy practice for approximately 5 years, followed by time in creditor practice before returning to bankruptcy.  Barbara spent another  5 years representing both individual and corporate debtors in Ch. 7, 11, and 13 before joining Ms. Arkovich’s practice in 2014.  She has recently been promoted to Managing Partner, and has diversified her practice to not only include bankruptcy, but also foreclosure defense, consumer collections litigation, debt defense, and student loans.

Our bankruptcy paralegal, Angie Glaser-Jamieson, joined our team in 2009, coming from a 17-year background in banking, consumer finance and mortgage lending.  Beginning with Arkovich Law as a legal assistant, then paralegal specializing in support to Ch. 7 & and Ch. 13 clients, Angie furthered her education to obtain her Certified Paralegal designation in 2017.  She is currently a member of the NALA: The National Paralegal Association, as well as the Paralegal Association of Florida/Tampa Chapter.

Supporting you is our constant goal.  Not only do we have over 65 years combined experience in our bankruptcy practice, but our team has been together for years, bringing continuity and our own special contributions to the table, providing you with the best possible result.

But don’t take our word for it – let us prove it to you.

Reach out today at info@christiearkovich.com and put us to work!

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

erasing textA Chapter 7 bankruptcy eliminates all general unsecured debt such as credit cards, medical debt, and signature loans. You must qualify to file a Chapter 7 and if you have extra income after you pay your bills each month, you likely will not qualify. In other words, if you do not have “disposable income” left over, then you will qualify for a Chapter 7. Much of your property (personal and real) may be exempt and you will be able to keep it. Anything that is not exempt will be sold by the Bankruptcy Trustee to partially repay your creditors. A Chapter 7 debtor will receive a discharge in as little as 90 days.

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is commonly considered a “reorganization”. It is primarily used by people who have extra income each month and have an ability to partially repay their debt. A second common use of a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is to retain non-exempt property. Many debtors will use the reorganization plan provided in a Chapter 13 to have a longer period to pay mortgage arrearages, cram down an underwater vehicle or investment property to the actual value of the property. To qualify for a Chapter 13, you must have less than $383,175 (this periodically changes) in unsecured debt and $1,149,525 of secured debt. There are no caps on debt discharged in a Chapter 7 or Chapter 11. A Chapter 13 plan often lasts three to five years. Any debt due to the general unsecured creditor that is not paid in the plan is discharged at the completion of the bankruptcy.

Small Business Bankruptcy

As a small-business owner, you may have been especially hard-hit by the recent global health crisis. When revenue drops unexpectedly, it can be hard to keep a small business afloat.

At Christie D. Arkovich, P.A., we understand what you are going through. We are committed to helping you reduce your debts and regain control of your finances while keeping your doors open.

Our attorneys have many years of bankruptcy experience, including Chapter 11 cases of all types. One of our attorneys also has an MBA, and her on the ground experience has helped many businesses over the years get back on their feet.

Means Test

In 2005, Congress passed the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention & Consumer Protection Act. This Act now requires that a Means Test be applied to all debtors except those with primarily business debt. It is essentially a test that requires a comparison of the debtors’ income to the median income in Florida. Expenses are also run through a means test for a comparison to the IRS national standards for your family size and location. Even if your income is substantial, you may still qualify for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy if you have a large family. Normal expenses are deducted such as standard mandatory payroll deductions, secured debt such as vehicle or home loans, priority unsecured debt such as child support, alimony, certain taxes etc., necessary and reasonable living expenses per the IRS regulations, certain other extraordinary expenses, health expenses or other actual expenses.

Median Income

Sample Trustee Questions at Your 341 Meeting of Creditors

About five weeks after filing a bankruptcy, debtors are required to attend a Rule 341 Creditors Meeting. At the 341 meeting, the Trustee will ask a series of questions that are designed to determine the cause of filing, the goals of filing and other pertinent information about your income and assets. Your creditors may appear at this meeting, although they often do not attend – as the trustee typically asks the same questions they would have.

The Impact of Bankruptcy on your Credit Rating

10 Best recognition 2014 Contrary to belief, filing bankruptcy can actually help your credit. Initially it will take a dive most likely. But you'd be surprised about how fast you can rebuild your credit. Generally, the last eighteen months is the most important in a person's credit history. Your loan to debt ratios will improve drastically upon discharge. Debtors can obtain credit cards shortly after filing the bankruptcy. People can obtain car loans during or shortly after a bankruptcy. After two years, most people who file bankruptcy are able to buy a home, sometimes earlier if they have saved a down payment.

Taxes in Bankruptcy

Our clients are often surprised to learn that most taxes can be discharged in a bankruptcy if you wait long enough. This excludes unpaid sales or payroll taxes. But regular income taxes are subject to discharge in bankruptcy if you meet several tests.

To Schedule a Consultation

Reboot Your Life With Bankruptcy

Life isn't meant to be lived paycheck to paycheck. Learn how to break the cycle and download our free guide "Reboot Your Life After Bankruptcy: How to Take Your Life Back From Your Creditors".

Bankruptcy Timeline

Bankruptcy can be mystifying. We have organized a brief timeline to help you understand what goes into filing, what to expect and when to expect it

bankruptcy timeline
Contact Us • Free Consultation*
phone number